Today I will continue to share with you the core hardware CPU/motherboard purchasing tips for DIY build machine.
Because the author’s feeling for electronic products is to buy new rather than old, so this time I will not talk about the skills of building second-hand machines or picking up garbage.
Most users are not clear about the performance requirements of the CPU, and it is easy to waste performance after purchasing. Therefore, the first step is to clarify their needs, whether it is sufficient or pursue performance, and then judge according to their own usage. Focus on games, daily office work, or video editing content creation. As for choosing Intel or AMD, there is no gap between the two products at the same level, just look at the e-commerce price.
01, entry platform board U selection
For users who don’t understand computers or who only play popular online games and daily office work, the entry-level Core i3 and Ryzen 3 can meet their needs. Representative models are Core 3 10100 and Ryzen 3 3100, both with 4 cores and 8 threads. The original price of the boxed processor is about 700-800 yuan, and it will be cheaper if there is a channel to buy it. It is about 500 yuan, usually with an entry-level graphics card, such as NV’s GTX 1650/GTX 1660, AMD RX 560XT such graphics card.
Core 3 10100
As we all know, the board U does not divide the family. After choosing the CPU, we should consider the motherboard matching. It is actually very simple. Remember that a good U is equipped with a good board. For the entry-level tenth-generation Core i3 and Ryzen 3 , We can match the same entry-level H410 or A520, which is an entry-level chipset motherboard.
02. Selection of mid-end platform board card U
With 4 cores and 8 threads going up, it comes to the current mainstream product range of our CPUs. Representative models are: Intel Core i5-10400F, AMD Ryzen 5 3600. They are all 6 cores and 12 threads, and the price of a single CPU box is about 1,000 yuan. This level of processor is suitable for users who can play 3A masterpieces in addition to online games.
At the same time, it can also take into account the needs of some simple content creators. If you are a fledgling content creator, you can use this level of processor to practice your hands, a more versatile processor.
After arriving at the Core i5 and Ryzen 5 at the same time, they will have some high-frequency version of their brothers, such as Core i5 10600K, or Ryzen 5 3600X processors, compared to i5-10400F and AMD Ryzen 5 3600, these The processor will be higher in frequency, that is, the single-core performance is stronger, and some even surpass the higher-level Core i7 and Ryzen 7 processors.
The typical model is AMD’s just-launched 5600X. Its single-core performance surpasses its own Ryzen 7 3700X. The price is even around 2,000 yuan, but it is still 6 cores and 12 threads. This processor is suitable for those who do not require core threads. High, but need high frequency users, that is, players who have high frame requirements for the game.
AMD Ryzen 5 3600
The graphics card can not only be matched with the mid-range RTX 2060, but if you want to play games more, you can also use the high-end RTX 2070 S or the latest 30 series RTX 3060Ti. Unfortunately, the shortage of graphics cards is too serious, and the 20 series and 30 series are too expensive. , Use whichever you can grab.
In the choice of the motherboard, the mid-range Core i5 and Ryzen 5, if it is the tenth generation Core i5, choose B460. Asus’ heavy gunner, MSI’s mortar, Gigabyte’s Xiaodiao, and Colorful CVN are all good choices.
And here, AMD’s motherboard selection opportunities are actually more, because AMD has continued the 4th generation AM4 socket from the original Ryzen to Ryzen 5000, which means that the chipsets and processors released during this period are compatible with each other, so except The B550 chipset released this year, the previous generation B450 can also be compatible with all generations of Ryzen5.
There are some differences between B550 and B450. B550 natively supports 4.0. Most of the specifications of B550 are stronger than B450, but the price is also high. If you are not particular about these, choose B450.
03, high-end platform board card U selection
Then came to our high-end processor range, that is, the Core i7 and Ryzen 7 levels. The representative models are Core i7 10700KF and Ryzen 7 3700X, and the price will be around 2,000 yuan.
This kind of processor can do more things and is suitable for users with higher requirements for games, that is, players who start to play games with high resolution and high frame rate, and like the Core i5, they also have a high frequency version.
At the same time, because this level of processors are all 8 cores and 16 threads, they will be more efficient than i5 and R5 processors in content creation, and are generally suitable for high-end RTX 2070 S or RX 5700 upwards graphics cards.
As for the high-end Core i7 and Ryzen 7, we can use it with the Z490 chipset and X570 chipset that are not particularly top-notch. Representative series include ASUS’s TUF GAMING gaming agent, PRIME master series, Gigabyte’s GAMING series, and MSI’s GAMING CARBON, colorful Vulcan X series.
Or use some high-end B460 or B550 to be compatible with ASUS ROG STRIX B460-F GAMING, but it should be noted that the Intel B460 chipset cannot be overclocked, so it is not suitable for those Core i7 with tails of “KF” and “K” Processor, it is suitable for those Core processors whose tail end “K” cannot be overclocked either.
04. Top platform board U selection
Finally, there are flagship-level processors, namely Ryzen 9 and Core i9, suitable for hardcore game tycoons and creators who need high-efficiency content. The flagship of Core i9 is currently 10900K with 10 cores and 20 threads. Ryzen 9 is 5950X with 16 cores and 32 threads. It belongs to the Ryzen 5000 processor just released, and there is also the second flagship Ryzen 9 5900X with 12 cores and 24 threads.
The only difficulty is that these two Ryzen 5000 are not easy to buy. Users who do not need high frequency can choose Ryzen 9 3900X or 3950X, which is also 12 cores with 24 threads and 16 cores with 32 threads, and the graphics card is naturally also It can be paired with flagship graphics cards such as RTX 3080/RTX 3090. Now some content creation software supports GPU acceleration, which not only guarantees a high frame rate game experience, but also helps you improve efficiency.
Flagship processors naturally need flagship-level motherboards to match. Our Z490 and X570 chipsets are still more suitable for Core i9 and Ryzen 9, such as ASUS’ ROG Players’ Country, ROG STRIX Raptor series, Gigabyte’s XTREME, MASTER series.
Or MSI’s GODLIKE and ACE series, these are motherboards that can meet the needs of flagship processors. AMD also has some particularly powerful B550s that can also meet the needs of Ryzen 9, just like Gigabyte B550 AORUS MASTER.
Generally, motherboards of this level have many additional functions, such as special overclocking functions, Thunderbolt three-interface expansion card, M.2 expansion card, top WIFI 6 network card, etc. Generally, the materials used for the top motherboards of various manufacturers are not much different. But the technical details will be different. Some pay attention to overclocking power supply, some pay attention to sound card network card, M.2 interface and the like. You need to confirm which functions you need when buying, and then buy the corresponding brand of motherboard.