Before starting, I would like to ask my friends a question: In addition to Windows and MacOS, what other operating systems have you used?
If there is no reporting deviation in the above table, it is estimated that eight of the ten friends who read this article are using Microsoft Windows. In addition, 1.5 are using Apple’s MacOS. In the end, only the poor 0.5 small partners were left, using the operating system known as “Linux”.
Maybe you have seen other people’s analysis of the Linux operating system on the Internet before, and you have also seen reports on the domestic Linux operating system in the news.
Then you must have seen in the comment area below these posts, people keep repeating “junk” and “difficult to use”. Deep OS known as “the most beautiful operating system” ▼
I believe that many small partners want to try the domestic Linux operating system, but due to practical conditions, they can only give up. So, is Linux really difficult to use; if from tomorrow, Windows and Apple MacOS suddenly become unavailable, can the Linux system immediately follow up and replace it? Kou He is not as good as a real gun.
With this idea in mind, the bad reviewer had a week-long “Goodbye Windows” experience. Unexpectedly, the car overturned at the start. . .
None of the two computers can boot
In order to fit everyone’s real-world usage scenarios as much as possible, I asked Tony to bring two laptops that I just reviewed recently. One was launched at the end of last year, based on the thin and light version of Intel’s latest eleventh-generation processor. Lenovo YOGA Pro 13s Carbon ▼
The other is a gaming laptop that started selling at the beginning of this year and uses AMD’s latest 5800H processor with NVIDIA RTX 3070 graphics card. ASUS Chosen 2 ▼
The latest Intel, the latest AMD, the latest Nvidia. . . The core configuration of these two computers can be said to cover the products that most of the small partners will encounter when buying a machine this year.
Then the bad reviewer prepared the U disk for the installation of the latest version 20.1 of the domestically produced “Deep OS”. As a result, after inserting the USB flash drive, the Intel thin and light notebook turned on and went to a black screen. . . Although the AMD gaming notebook can enter the boot page, the entire screen will freeze directly after confirming the installation options.
I tried several times back and forth, but in the end it all turned into staring at the aurora on the screen. After some verification, the bad reviewer found that this domestic deepin operating system still uses the 5.4 version of the Linux kernel released at the end of 2019.
However, it was not until the 5.11 version of the Linux kernel released last month that (preliminary) support for the latest hardware from Intel, AMD and Nvidia was added.
I have to say that the compatibility of hardware on Linux is a bit worse. Unlike Windows, I took an installation disk from a few years ago. Although it prompted a bunch of missing drivers, it could at least enter the system. This wave, Deep OS is a crime of non-war.
A building block-like Linux ecosystem
The front foot of the bad reviewer talked about depth, and the back foot was involved in the Linux kernel. Maybe some friends are a little confused about their relationship. The bad reviewer is here to give you a brief introduction.
If the Windows system is a non-removable finished toy, then Linux is a large Lego building block that can be assembled at will. To make the computer boot up smoothly, we need to find the appropriate boot program ourselves.
In order for the computer to display images, we need to install the desktop environment ourselves. In order to make the computer networked smoothly, we need to apply patches and drivers related to the network stack ourselves. The Linux kernel is just a mortal soul, a container and link responsible for accommodating the above-mentioned various operations.
To put it bluntly, unlike Windows and MacOS, where everything is given to you, Linux is more inclined to give you a cake embryo (Linux kernel) and let you wipe things on it yourself. It’s up to you to wipe it out. Kind of like a modular phone
But it is precisely because of this nature that Linux can be rounded and flattened by everyone, and rolled into various shapes: for example, it can be as small as 6 MB, and then installed in the router to carry our Wi-Fi traffic.
It can also be as small as 211 MB, and then be installed into supercomputers and servers to become an interface for container services.
At the same time, it can also be integrated with our common CPU and graphics drivers to integrate the desktop environment into a 2-3 GB “desktop operating system” that can be downloaded and installed by ordinary people.
As we mentioned earlier, the domestic system deep OS is the last one, and it is also the closest Linux system to us. In addition to the deep OS, there are also Debian-based Ubuntu (Ubantu), RHEL-based Fedora; ArchLinux and Gentoo that geeks like.
However, these “desktop releases” that integrate various functions are more or less lagging in the update of some components, resulting in slower support for new hardware. For example, like the one encountered by the bad review this time, this batch of notebooks this year have all become “scrap iron” after seeing Deep OS.
In fact, this problem is not unsolvable: because according to the logic that the Linux system is essentially piling up logs, I only need to replace the boot components that come with Deepin OS with the latest version, package the latest version of the kernel, and then side-load the latest version. Graphics driver. . . With a high probability, you can enter the system normally. But, I just want to eat a cake, so I have to learn how to make a cake first?
Although the DIY spirit has always been appreciated by Linux players, for ordinary users, it is more appropriate to describe the process during this period as suffering.
Can typing be a problem?
Therefore, before starting the operation of Deepin OS installation mirroring, I decided to see if several other common Linux desktop distributions can run smoothly on this year’s new computers. If the ready-made distribution works, I can save a lot of trouble.
Fortunately, Ubuntu is still upbeat, the latest version of Ubuntu 20.10 can run smoothly on Intel’s thin and light notebooks (although there is a small problem). Several other versions basically collapsed.
Due to the bad review, there is no other computer at hand. Now that Ubuntu can be used, I will switch from Deepin OS to Ubuntu for the follow-up experience. Ubuntu is a foreign veteran Linux desktop system distribution. Like Deepin OS, it is based on the Linux kernel of the Debian system. It is also a destiny.
Unlike installing Deepin OS, you must first solve the problem that the computer can’t turn on, but installing Ubuntu will solve the typing problem. The problem lies in the input method. Ubuntu’s built-in “iBus Smart Pinyin” input method has not been updated for 800 years, and the user experience is extremely poor. But the interface is quite fresh ▼
So I tried to install Sogou Pinyin input method. As a result, the friends of Sogou talked about supporting the Linux ecosystem, but the version was updated in three days and two days on the Internet. It is updated every few months or even years.
This results in that it does not currently support the Ubuntu 20.10 version used by the bad reviewer. (The basic dependency chain is completely collapsed) So if there is no hardware to support such a thing, the bad reviewer recommends that everyone try to use the domestic Linux desktop system. After all, Sogou has been installed for you in advance, and typing will not be too painful.
There are so many softwares that can be used
According to my previous understanding, Linux should be a software desert for ordinary people. This is true at first glance. For example, there is a WPS that processes documents, not Microsoft Office.
The browser has the original Firefox and Chrome, but not the Sogou and 360 that most people are familiar with.
I found one of the GIF image creation tools we usually use to write articles. It’s a pity that you can’t compress the size, which is of no use. . . GIFINE ▼
What I didn’t expect was that Baidu Netdisk actually has a Linux version of the client, which is almost as complete as the Mac version, which is surprising. But this download speed is not surprising. . .
As for the pictures I want, Photoshop only has Windows and Mac versions; for the next film, Xunlei only has Windows and Mac versions. As for WeChat, the national chat tool, only Windows and Mac versions of the client are also developed.
What, you said to use the web version? Please, you don’t know what the WeChat web version is like. . .
But having said that, after all, Linux’s poor desktop market share lies there, and it is obviously unrealistic to expect vendors to adapt all the software.
So the old buddies in the Linux community have been working hard to save themselves by translating Windows programs. (Apple says it’s great)
Through this WINE project, I tried to run some exe programs on Windows, and found that the Edge browser could not run, WeChat could not type, and many programs suggested missing dlls.
The reason is that the WINE project perfectly inherits the stinky building blocks of Linux, and only provides a basic Windows program translation module, but does not provide any libraries, fonts and other components required for the normal operation of the program.
Fortunately, Deepin OS in China maintains a set of adaptation libraries for commonly used Windows software. When installing commonly used software such as WeChat, it will also automatically install the libraries and fonts they need. And this deeply modified WINE project was also transplanted from Deepin OS by the community brother, and it can also be used in Ubuntu.
After switching to the Deepin-Wine jointly maintained by Deepin and community enthusiasts, I successfully installed QQ, WeChat, Tencent Meeting, DingTalk and QQ Music on my computer. And it basically works. For example, Tencent Meeting can’t display words on the login interface, but other functions are normal.
WeChat version 3.0 cannot be used normally, but version 2.8 can run perfectly. The bad reviewer has compiled a list of software available for pro-testing here. Friends who are interested in experiencing Linux in person can refer to it later~
Can actually play games
To be honest, we certainly don’t use computers for office purposes, and entertainment needs must also account for so many billion points. But PC games are completely reserved for the Windows system, and it doesn’t work if Apple comes.
However, in the past two years, with the help of the WINE project we mentioned earlier, the game platform Steam has developed a set of tools dedicated to translating Windows games, named Proton. As long as this component is activated in the Linux version of the Steam client, we can download the game on Windows.
After testing several games, I think. . . This experience is basically the same as on Windows. You know, this is a notebook with only Intel core display, but it can run GTA5 smoothly.
Smooth operation in no one’s deep sky.
It can also run the knife smoothly~~Tower 2.
And supports handle input. . .
However, since the translation cannot simulate a complete Windows environment, games with built-in anti-cheat components will not run. Such as chicken, color six, Gears 5, national server LOL. . . Stuck in the process of injecting drivers into the system
And when the bad reviewer was running part of the game, a texture bug appeared. But since this computer uses Intel’s Xe core display, it is hard to say whether it is the graphics card driver or the Proton translator.
Foreign friends who use Linux to play games have specially established a website called ProtonDB to include “which games can run on Linux”. Judging from your test results, Cyberpunk 2077, Big Cousin 2, Death Stranding and other masterpieces are all tested and playable by netizens.
If you are curious about which games can be played and which games cannot be played after installing Linux, you might as well go to this website to have a look.
Losing the starting line makes it harder to catch up
Over the years, there have been many complaints from friends about why operating systems other than Windows are hard to pick up. I think, let’s think about it this way: Microsoft released Windows 1.0 in 1985, and the country was still using pure DOS at that time. Lao Lai’s Linux system has not yet been born.
With the early bird effect in hand, if the Windows wave is still not stud, then there should be a problem.
But this does not mean that Microsoft Windows will always be invincible.
Because you may not know that just a year or two ago, Linux could hardly run any games, and it was commonplace for the interface to crash and crash.
But in this bad review of your experience, apart from not being able to perfectly support the latest hardware, which is a bit frustrating, the desktop environment of Linux itself is not shaky anymore.
WeChat, QQ, P picture, WPS, playing games. . . Although there are still shortcomings, it is no longer equal to the “difficult to use system” we used to pass on.
Even after writing this article, I don’t plan to install this computer back into Windows.
After all, I am also very curious about what the Linux system will look like in a while.
Say a few more words:
Maybe some friends have also heard of a domestically produced system called “Unified Operating System” (UOS), which is also an operating system that is being promoted in China recently.
The bad reviewer happened to have some friends in the system, and their unit was already equipped with a computer with UOS pre-installed, so the bad reviewer went to play with it.
In fact, the so-called UOS can be seen as a change of Deepin OS, behind which the Deepin team is participating.